The Kingston Scales are designed for the rapid yet comprehensive assessment of geriatric patients suspected of having a progressive dementia, such as Alzheimer’s disease. The scales assess cognition, behaviour, and caregiver stress, and are free of charge. As most scales are updated from time to time, so are the Kingston Scales. First published in 1991 with the most recent update being in 2023.
Kingston Standardized Cognitive Assessment - Revised - Plus Driving Scale (KSCAr+Drive) (along with the Brief KSCAr and mini-KSCAr)
A proven and reliable assessment of dementia even in its earliest stages, before other scales reveal a problem. The KSCAr+Drive now incorporates a “driving scale” (that requires no new testing procedures) to help determine whether an individual is likely to pass the road test of a medical motor vehicle examination. The KSCAr+Drive may be useful in assessing most neurological diseases, including CTE (chronic traumatic encephalopathy).
Kingston Scales in Other Languages
All of the Kingston Scales are available in French and Hebrew. The KCSS and KSBA(comm) are available in Chinese, and the KCSS is also available in Greek, Romanian, Burmese, and Urdu. The authors welcome translations into other languages.
Kingston Standardized Behavioural Assessment (Community or Long Term Care Forms) (KSBA(comm) and KSBA(LTC))
The KSBA provides a more broad and realistic behavioural assessment available without specially trained personnel, even in the early stages of dementia. The Community Form can predict when long term care placement is needed, and the Long Term Care Form is an effective component of program evaluation.
Kingston Caregiver Stress Scale (KCSS)
A quick method of allowing caregivers to express the level of stress they are feeling, without invoking such unreliable concepts such as caregiver burden.